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[1]黄蒙蒙,李宏煦,刘召波.不同二次资源中镓提取方法的研究进展[J].有色金属科学与工程,2017,(01):21-28.[doi:10.13264/j.cnki.ysjskx.2017.01.004]
 HUANG Mengmeng,LI Hongxu,LIU Zhaobo.Research progress on gallium extraction from different secondary resources[J].,2017,(01):21-28.[doi:10.13264/j.cnki.ysjskx.2017.01.004]
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不同二次资源中镓提取方法的研究进展(/HTML)
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《有色金属科学与工程》[ISSN:1674-9669/CN:36-1311/TF]

卷:
期数:
2017年01期
页码:
21-28
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-01-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Research progress on gallium extraction from different secondary resources
作者:
黄蒙蒙12李宏煦12刘召波12
1. 北京科技大学冶金与生态工程学院,北京 100083; 2. 稀贵金属绿色回收与提取北京市重点实验室,北京 100083
Author(s):
HUANG Mengmeng12 LI Hongxu12 LIU Zhaobo12
1. School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China; 2. Beijing Key Laboratory of Green Recovery and Extraction of Precious Metals, Beijing 100083, China
关键词:
赤泥锌浸出渣粉煤灰电子垃圾
分类号:
TF843.1
DOI:
10.13264/j.cnki.ysjskx.2017.01.004
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
镓作为稀散金属之一,在光纤通信、航空航天、电子技术等领域具有广阔的应用前景,随着近几年电子产业的发展,镓出现供不应求的局面. 镓在自然界中没有独立的成矿,由于它的某些物理化学性质同铝、铁、锌等相似,常伴生在铝土矿、铅锌矿、煤及钛铁矿中,因此这些矿物中的镓在湿法、火法冶金过程中得以富集在比如氧化铝生产过程中的副产物,湿法炼锌过程中的浸出渣,煤燃烧过程中的粉煤灰,废弃的电子垃圾等二次资源中. 随着镓需求量的逐年增加,如何从二次资源中再生镓是当前的研究热点. 文中综述二次资源中金属镓的赋存状态及提取回收的主要工艺技术,如酸碱溶出法、水热法、溶剂萃取法、氯化挥发法、真空蒸馏富集法、还原熔融法等,分析评价各工艺技术的分离效果和存在的问题,以求对二次资源中提取回收镓提供参考.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-07-29基金项目:国家自然科学重点基金资助项目(11220187)通信作者:李宏煦(1971- ),男,教授,博导,主要从事金属复杂共进低位矿物二次废弃物资源的绿增值冶金及铜镍钴生物冶金与生物预氧化提金关键技术等方面的研究,E-mail: lihongxu2001@126.com.
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-01-20